Federal Anti-Trafficking Efforts

Department of Health and Human Services
  • Funds regional grants to improve local anti-trafficking coalitions and infrastructure, and funds services for foreign national victims of trafficking.  ATIP also provides certification and eligibility lettersso that foreign national victims of trafficking may access refugee benefits, conducts awareness-raising activities through the Rescue and Restore Campaign, and funds the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC). HHS has published a resource guide on services available for trafficking victims.
Department of Justice
Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section (CEOS)
  • Prosecutes cases of child pornography, sex trafficking of children, parental child abduction, and sex tourism.
Civil Rights Division
    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)
    Office of Victims of Crime (OVC)
    • Provides technical assistance to the Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces, and victim services funding for foreign national victims of trafficking, and pilot sites for U.S. citizen minor victims of trafficking. Click here for a list of grantees.
    Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
    National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
    • Funds research on human trafficking in the U.S. and around the world.

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

    • Internet Crimes Against Children Task Forces (ICAC) investigates internet-related crimes of child pornography and enticement, and implements a number of training and capacity-building initiatives related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).
    Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
    Department of Homeland Security
    Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    • Child Exploitation/Operation Predator in conjunction with FBI, NCMEC, DOJ and ICAC investigates crimes of child sexual exploitation, child pornography, and child sex tourism in the U.S. and abroad.
    United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
    • Adjudicates applications for T and U visas which are available to foreign national victims of trafficking.  Lawyers and advocates may check on the status of an already submitted case by calling the VAWA Unit Helpline at: 802-527-4888.
    Department of State
    Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP)

    Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center

    • A collaborative effort between the Department of State, Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, and functions as a centralized information center for smuggling, human trafficking and national security.
    Department of Labor
    Labor Bureau of International Labor (ILAB)
    Wage and Hour Division (WHD)
    • Enforces federal labor laws including the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers Protection Act (AWPA) and assists with human trafficking investigations involving the violation of these laws.

    Click here to read more about anti-trafficking efforts.